The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is facing injury compensation claims worth up to GBP 5 million from soldiers injured by the cold.
Non-freezing cold injury is a condition similar to the trench foot suffered by soldiers in World War One, and can cause lifelong sensitivity to the cold as well as chronic pain.
Soldiers operating in hot countries, such as those in the Commonwealth, are more susceptible to the condition and lawyers have blamed the MoD for failing to provide them with the necessary equipment.
Dr Howard Oakley, head of survival and thermal medicine at the Institute of Naval Medicine at Gosport, Hampshire, said African and Afro-Caribbean soldiers are 30 times more likely to report the condition.
Around 150 compensation claims have been submitted to the MoD, which says it will pay out if it has been found to be negligent.
The MoD has recently been hit by a rush of compensation claims regarding the deaths of 104 Afghan civilians killed in Helmand Province.